411.325. 1. At the time of delivery of grain to any public warehouse the scale ticket shall be marked to indicate whether the grain is delivered for storage, for sale or for some other purpose.
2. All grain received at a licensed public warehouse shall be deemed to be storage grain within the meaning of this chapter, unless:
(1) Payment for the grain is made upon delivery to the warehouseman; or
(2) At the time of delivery of the grain to the warehouseman, the purchase price is established, documented as prescribed by the director, and payment made within thirty days or the account is entered, as prescribed by the director, onto a formal settlement sheet within the same thirty-day period. Further, when an account is so entered onto a formal settlement sheet payment shall be made within one hundred eighty days of delivery. If payment is not so made within one hundred eighty days of delivery, a formal written contract as provided for in subsection 4 of this section shall be executed.
3. All grain received at any warehouse not licensed under this chapter shall be deemed to be grain held for storage within the meaning of this chapter, unless:
(1) The sale price for the grain has been established; and
(2) Payment made by the warehouseman and received by the owner of the grain within thirty days from the delivery of the grain to the warehouse; or
(3) A formal written contract as provided for in subsection 4 of this section is executed.
4. A warehouseman and a seller of grain may agree that payment or pricing of the seller's grain be deferred to a future date. The agreement shall be in writing, dated and shall contain a statement informing the seller that the seller is relinquishing title and all rights of ownership in the grain. The director may require any additional information from a warehouseman that he deems necessary to protect the interests of the seller of grain in these transactions. Failure to provide such additional information, upon request, shall be deemed a violation of this chapter. Grain received under a deferred payment or deferred pricing agreement under the provisions of this section shall not be deemed to be stored grain. For the purposes of this section, minimum price, deferred price and deferred payment contracts are not deemed valid unless they contain all the statements required by section 276.461 and are signed by both the buyer and seller or their authorized representatives. Grain represented by an invalid deferred pricing contract shall be deemed storage grain for the purposes of this chapter. Grain represented by an invalid deferred payment contract shall be deemed storage grain for the purposes of this chapter if payment has not been made within one hundred eighty days of delivery as required in subsection 2 of this section. Only class I grain dealers may enter into deferred price, minimum price or deferred payment agreements.
5. The following transactions shall not be covered by the warehouseman's bond:
(1) Any sale of grain evidenced by a check written by the warehouseman, received and accepted by the seller. Any check returned for any reason shall be evidence of a sales transaction; or
(2) Any sale of grain evidenced by a promissory note accepted by the seller. To be considered a promissory note, the note must contain the signature of both seller and buyer, date the note was executed, dollar amount of the note, payment terms, and interest rate; or
(3) Any sale of grain delivered to the warehouse pursuant to and evidenced by a grain purchase contract and treated as sold grain pursuant to the provisions of subsection 2 or 4 of this section.
6. The warehouseman's bond shall cover all grain deemed storage pursuant to the provisions of this section.
7. Grain originally received at a warehouse as storage grain and subsequently sold by the depositor to the warehouseman shall be considered received at the warehouse at the time of sale and shall be treated as grain sold or stored, as applicable, pursuant to the provisions of subsection 2 of this section as if at the time of physical delivery, the grain had been priced. The thirty-day, one hundred eighty-day and written contract provisions of subsection 2 of this section apply to these transactions commencing at the time of sale.
(L. 1977 S.B. 75 § 3, A.L. 1980 S.B. 601, A.L. 1986 H.B. 1578, A.L. 1997 H.B. 211)
Missouri General Assembly